History Of Internet Of Medical Things

Introduction: History Of Internet Of Medical Things (IoMT). Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) solutions typically use devices such as smartphones to enhance an individual’s well-being. Nevertheless, the scientific contribution it can bring and makes the IoMT promising for the future.

Indeed, while a patient sees a medical device as a solution to their problems, professionals (i.e., doctors and researchers) can use it as a data source to discover new diseases and treatments.

History Of Internet Of Medical Things
History Of Internet Of Medical Things

Thus, envisioning a world equipped with IoMT solutions, crowd sourcing can create one of the most significant opportunities for healthcare: an interplanetary dataset representing all the medical stories of individuals to learn from.

However, enabling a trusted context first in a trustless scenario would mean ignoring some potential risks because an individual’s health data is considered sensitive and must be protected in any possible way.

A Brief History of IoMT Technologies

Adding sensors and intelligence to physical objects was first examined in the 1980s when some university students decided to modify a Coca-Cola vending machine to track its contents remotely. But technology was overwhelming, and progress was limited.

The term ‘Internet of medical Things’ was coined in 1999 by computer scientist Kevin Ashton. While working at Procter & Gamble, Ashton proposed putting radio frequency identification (RFID) chips on products to track them through the supply chain.

Over the next decade, public interest in IoT technology began to wane as more connected devices hit the market. In 2000, LG declared the first smart refrigerator; in 2007, the first iPhone was launched, and by 2008 the number of connected devices exceeded the number of people on the planet.

In 2009, Google began testing driverless cars, and in 2011, Google’s Nest smart thermostat came on the market, allowing remote control of central heating.

IOMT and Telehealth

Telehealth is defined as using digital information and communication technologies, such as computers and mobile devices, as accessing health care services and manage your health care remotely.

As with “health care,” telehealth encompasses a broad spectrum of activities, including patient-physician communication, diagnosis, ongoing monitoring, and education and counseling.

On the other hand, telemedicine is generally used to describe a more limited spectrum of technology-based healthcare devices that provide clinical services, namely remote diagnosis and patient monitoring.

When telemedicine emerged in the 2000s, the scope of this technology was limited. Early telemedicine applications were strictly clinical, limited to services such as screening a potential patient on video or monitoring the vital signs of an ICU patient from a remote location. 

As telemedicine developed, its capabilities quickly expanded beyond the strict confines of clinical medicine, resulting in the broader term telehealth. Telehealth is broad enough to include physician training and management meetings in video chat rooms and medical services.

How does the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) connect to telehealth and telemedicine?

While telehealth and telemedicine refer to a larger group of technologies, services and strategies, IoMT refers to the devices that allow them to work. With IoMT connectivity, telehealth is possible.

At the same time, an IoMT device by itself is pretty useless. For example, a device that records a patient’s blood pressure daily and uploads that reading to the cloud does nothing to improve the patient’s health.

Interpreting these readings, diagnosing a condition, creating a treatment plan, delivering treatment and monitoring the patient over time requires a comprehensive telehealth solution.

While some of these efforts may be possible through artificial intelligence (AI)/machine learning and other computer-based technologies, an actual human physician will need to be involved at some point.

As the capabilities of IoMT devices advance (and global conditions keep more people at home), these technologies will become even more critical to the medical community and the general population.

Advantages of IoMT

The benefits of technology for healthcare facilities are undoubtedly numerous. 

  • Better results from various medical treatments
  • Better control of wastage in the sector
  • Reduction in medical expenses
  • Better drug and process management
  • Substantial reduction in human errors
  • The overall patient experience improved.

These are direct derivatives of implementing healthcare software solutions that extend beyond the Internet of Medical Things.

However, it’s also worth noting that there are some drawbacks, as it is with everything. Moreover, some challenges must be considered before implementing this type of technology.

What is the future of IoMT?

IoT is a category in dramatic flux, and IoT devices are poised to change the healthcare landscape drastically. Imagine a future where consumers can wear wearable devices that track their vital signs 24/7, alerting healthcare providers if anything goes wrong.

Better yet, these devices can be predictive, using AI and machine learning technologies to determine if subtle changes in biological signals indicate the likelihood of a future problem. 

Over time, and as IoMT technologies become more advanced, clinicians can shift the focus from preventative to preventative measures, potentially allowing patients to live longer, healthier lives. Insurers may also lower premiums for consumers who opt for real-time monitoring (thus keeping them out of doctor’s offices and hospitals).

IoMT appliances in clinical and hospital settings –such as advanced diagnostic systems and robotic surgical assistants- will continue to advance their capabilities. Patients who need personalized medical care can experience better diagnoses, faster recoveries, and longer life will experience a high rate of stay.

These benefits will not be realized organically to operate this market in the future exhaustively. Computing power, wireless communications, and component miniaturization will be needed.

Final words: History Of Internet Of Medical Things

Wellness is the foundation of a healthy individual’s lifestyle, and managing medical data can help users better achieve that goal. In the past, the need for large amounts of data and privacy issues needed to be more assertive.

The traditional method of data collection was through paper recordings, medical science was not supported by current technology, and large amounts of data were available. There was no explanation for many diseases.

In any case, it is fascinating to see if the advent of technology will make it possible to solve the fundamental challenges many facilities face, leading to the widespread adoption of IoT-based solutions in healthcare. 

Also read: How Did The Internet Contribute to Medicine; Internet Of Health Things; Internet Of Things Medical Devices